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A fossil site at Předmostí is located near Přerov in the Moravian region of what is today the Czech Republic. The Předmostí site appear to have been a living area with associated burial ground with some 20 burials, including 15 complete human interments, and portions of five others, representing either disturbed or secondary burials.
Cannibalism has been suggested to explain the apparent subsequent disturbance, though it is not widely accepted. Many of the bones are heavily charred, indicating they were cooked.
Today, the term Cro-Magnon falls outside the usual naming conventions for early humans, though it remains an important term within the archaeological community as an identifier for the commensurate fossil remains in Europe and adjacent areas.
Current scientific literature uses the term "European early modern humans" (or EEMH), instead of "Cro-Magnon".
The site is situated in the Danubian corridor, which may have been the Cro-Magnon entry point into Central Europe.
The cave appears to be a cave bear den; the human remains may have been prey or carrion. Oase 1 holotype is a robust mandible similar to those of archaic humans, with a derived modern pointed chin, and large neanderthal-like teeth.
Current scientific literature prefers the term European early modern humans (EEMH), to the term Cro-Magnon, which has no formal taxonomic status, as it refers neither to a species or subspecies nor to an archaeological phase or culture. The body was generally heavy and solid with a strong musculature. The brain capacity was about 1,600 cc (98 cu in), larger than the average for modern humans.
The forehead was fairly straight rather than sloping like in Neanderthals, and with only slight browridges. Being the oldest known modern humans (Homo sapiens sapiens) in Europe, the Cro-Magnons were from the outset linked to the well-known Lascaux cave paintings and the Aurignacian culture, the remains of which were well known from southern France and Germany.
In November 2011, tests were conducted at the Oxford Radiocarbon Accelerator Unit in England on what were previously thought to be Neanderthal baby teeth, which had been unearthed in 1964 from the Grotta del Cavallo in Italy.
The other specimens from the site are a female, Cro-Magnon 2, and male remains, Cro-Magnon 3.
The condition and placement of the remains of the Cro-Magnon 1 specimen, along with pieces of shell and animal teeth in what appear to have been pendants or necklaces, raises the question of whether it was buried intentionally.
The oldest definitely dated EEMH specimen is the Grotta del Cavallo tooth dated in 2011 to at least 43,000 years old.
The French geologist Louis Lartet discovered the first five skeletons of this type in March 1868 in a rock shelter named Abri de Crô-Magnon.
Numerous tools were with the skeleton as grave goods.